Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his assassination in 1968.
He is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
He is best known for his famous ‘I have a dream’ speech that he delivered to an estimate of 250 000 people on Washington DC.
His birth name was Michael, not Martin. The civil rights leader was born Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929. In 1934, however, his father changed his own name as well as that of Martin Luther King Jr.
On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance.
He is, without doubt one of the many admired black Americans in history.