Meet Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova, a retired Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and current member of the Russian State Duma.
On June 16, 1963, she was launched in the spacecraft Vostok 6, which completed 48 orbits in 71 hours.
She became the first woman to have flown in space.
That was her only trip into space.
Tereshkova later toured the world to promote Soviet science and became involved in Soviet politics.
Tereshkova was named a Hero of the Soviet Union and was twice awarded the Order of Lenin.